Laparoscopy is a surgical technique that utilizes specialized equipment that displays an image from within the body. This is very similar to arthroscopic surgery, where the inside of a joint or tendon sheath is examined. Rigid ports are placed through very small incisions, then the instruments and laparoscope are passed inside. While watching the video monitor, the surgeon manipulates the specialized instruments to perform the necessary operation. Laparoscopic surgery can sometimes be performed on a standing sedated horse with local anesthesia, but is most often performed under general anesthesia. The biggest advantages of laparoscopic surgery are the excellent visualization that it affords, allowing an exploration of the abdomen visually, and the speedy recovery from surgery due to the small incisions.
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